Rambutan is a tropical fruit whose scientific term is Nephelium Laapaceum. Rambutan is believed to have originated in Indonesia and is now widely found in Philippines, Malaysia, Cambodia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India, Ecuador, Australia and America. In India, Rambutan fruit is available mostly in the southern states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. The name rambutan comes from an Indonesian name “rambut” which means hair. Rambutan tree belongs to a group of tropical trees that bear fruits like the lychee, mamoncillo and longan.
Rambutans are small, red colored fruits with spiky hair on the skin. They have sweet, juicy flesh that is slightly acidic and small brown colored seeds whose oil is used in a number of industries. Rambutans are available in two colours, red and yellow.
Health Benefits Of Rambutan:
Rambutan is a healthy food and is a great substitute for processed snack foods. The health benefits of rambutan are not just limited to the fruit but are derived from other elements as well, like the rind, the bark, and the leaves. Here is a list of the benefits of rambutan.
1. Treatment Of Different Ailments:
This fruit is being used as a traditional medicine in Malaysia and Indonesia since hundreds of years. It is used in a number of treatments that include diabetes, hypertension, and various other ailments.
2. Boosts Energy:
The carbohydrates and protein content of rambutan help to increase the energy and prevent bloating. Rambutan is also rich in water, which helps to regain the lost energy and quenches thirst.
3. Absorption Of Micro-Nutrients:
Vitamin C in rambutan helps in the absorption of minerals, iron and copper. It also protects the body from getting damaged from free radicals.
4. Eliminates Free Radicals:
One of the main compounds of rambutan is Gallic acid. This compound behaves like a free radical scavenger that protects our body from oxidative damage and is particularly helpful to fight cancer.
5. Generation Of White And Red Blood Cells:
This fruit contains moderate amounts of copper which is necessary for the creation of white and red blood cells. It also contains manganese that our body needs to produce and activate enzymes.
6. Removes Waste From Kidneys:
The phosphorus in rambutan helps remove the waste in the kidneys and is essential for the development, repair, and maintenance of the tissues and body cells. Rambutan also contains significant amounts of calcium which works together with phosphorus to fortify the teeth and strengthen the bones.
7. Source Of Iron:
Rambutans are excellent sources of iron that helps to correct the amount of oxygen in the body and controls dizziness and fatigue due to anaemia, an illness caused by iron deficiency.
8. High Fiber Content:
Rambutan has good fiber content and is low in calories. The fruit keeps us full for a long time due to its high fiber and water content and controls irregular hunger pangs. This also aids in weight reduction.
9. Treating Common Illnesses:
Rambutan is also good for treating common illnesses like headache, thrush and dysentery. For a headache, the leaves are used as a poultice on the temples. This calms the nerves and reduces the headache. A decoction of the bark is applied on the tongue to treat thrush. A decoction of the roots is used to lower fever.
10. Antiseptic Properties:
The other health benefit of rambutan is in its antiseptic qualities. It helps in fighting the various infections that invade our body.
11. Kills Parasites:
Besides nutritional benefits, rambutan also offers therapeutic functions. Consuming the fruit can help in killing intestinal parasites and relieving the symptoms of diarrhoea and fever.
Rambutan: Skin Care
12. Hydrates Skin:
Rambutan makes your skin soft and supple. Its high water content hydrates your skin, thus leaving it soft, smooth and supple. Due to its ability to scavenge free radicals, rambutan protects your body from oxidative damages. The powerful antioxidants present in rambutan battle cancer in an effective manner.
Rambutan: Hair Care
13. Basic Hair Care:
Rambutan plays a significant part in improving the health of your hair. Rambutan leaf paste nourishes your hair from deep inside. Take some rambutan leaves and mash them until the paste becomes smooth. Add some water and squeeze the extract. Apply the mixture onto your hair and scalp. Apply regularly for best results.
Rambutan: How To Select And Store
While buying rambutans, look for the fresh ones that are bright red or yellow in color. The spines should be firm. Never choose a rambutan with bruises as it may be a sign of damaged or overripe fruit. It can be stored at room temperature for a couple of days. Refrigerating the fruits gives them a life span of a week or so. It should be ideally wrapped in a paper towel or a perforated plastic bag.
Rambutan: Tips For Usage
There are countless ways to enjoy this wonderful fruit. Here are some interesting ideas to enjoy rambutan:
Rambutan can be an amazing substitute for lychees.
It can also be incorporated in different fruit salads.
You can also prepare jam and jellies from rambutans.
This fragile fruit can be combined with yogurt, chutney, soups, smoothies, cocktails, deserts and salsa.
How To Prepare And Use Rambutan?
Rambutan seeds can be eaten raw or can be mashed and applied on the skin to have an even skin tone and to make the skin healthier and softer.
Take a few rambutan leaves and make a paste using some water. Filter the leaves extract using a clean cloth. Apply this extract to a damp scalp every day. This promotes hair growth and makes the hair roots strong.
To Treat Disunity:
Remove the skin of a rambutan and boil its skin in water for a while. Allow the water to cool and drink this liquid daily at least twice a day.
To Treat Diabetes:
Take about 5 seeds and roast in fire. Mash the roasted seeds finely. Add this powder to a glass of water and drink daily or even twice a day to control the blood sugar level.
To Treat Fever:
Take 15 grams of dried rambutan leaves and boil this in 3 glasses of water. Allow the mixture to cool and strain the mixture. Consume this mixture thrice a day to cure fever.
Rambutan Nutritional Value:
Rambutans offer many benefits as the fruits have rich amounts of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, iron, phosphorus, calcium and Vitamin C. The stem of the rambutan contains saponin, tannin, iron, pectin substances and flavonoids. The seeds of the fruit contain polyphenol and fat.